What is Counting the Days of the Omer?
Literally translated, OMER means “A SHEAF.” It refers to the measure of grain that was once offered at the Temple in Jerusalem.
Exodus 16: 36 (Now an omer is a tenth of an ephah.)
The Counting Of The Omer happens BETWEEN THE PERIOD of the Offering of the First Fruits or HaBikkurim
And the Offering of The Feast of Weeks, Shavuot better known among Christians as Pentecost.
Leviticus 23: 9 And YHVH spoke to Moses, saying, 10 “Speak to the children of Israel, and say to them: ‘When you come into the land which I give to you, and reap its harvest, then you shall bring a SHEAF of the FIRST FRUITS of your harvest to the priest. 11 He shall wave the SHEAF before YHVH, to be accepted on your behalf; on the day after the Sabbath the priest shall wave it. 12 And you shall offer on that day, when you wave the SHEAF, a male lamb of the first year, without blemish, as a burnt offering to the YHVH. 13 Its grain offering shall be TWO-TENTHS OF AN EPHAH of fine flour mixed with oil, an offering made by fire to YHVH, for a sweet aroma; and its drink offering shall be of wine, one-fourth of a hin. 14 You shall eat neither bread nor parched grain nor fresh grain until the same day that you have brought an offering to your God; it shall be a statute forever throughout your generations in all your dwellings.
Leviticus 23: 16 - Count fifty days to the day after the seventh Sabbath;
then you shall offer a new grain offering to YHVH. 17 You shall bring from your dwellings two wave loaves of TWO-TENTHS OF AN EPHAH. They shall be of fine flour; they shall be baked with leaven. They are the FIRST FRUITS to YHVH.
We can see that this period of counting between these Two Festivals of YHVH is called "Counting of the Omer" because it is counting the period of time between these two Offerings brought to YHVH.
This grain offering was referred to as the Omer.
THE JOURNEY THROUGH THE WILDERNESS
As Hebrew people we just came out of slavery in Egypt as HASHEM told us through Moses to slaughter an unblemished lamb for each of our homes between evenings (between noon and 6pm = 3pm). He told us to take some of the blood of each lamb and put it on the two doorposts and on the lintel of each Hebrew family's house in Goshen. He told us to roast & eat the Passover lamb at night and be prepared for our deliverance from slavery. As He set us free we left Egypt with great plunder willingly given by the Egyptians as they were anxious to see us out of their land as GOD by many wonders left Egypt in chaos just to set us free from 430 years of oppression and despair.
As a free people, chosen by YHVH we were on our way to Mount Sinai without even knowing, because He wanted to Give us His Precious Torah, God's Instructions for our Nation Israel. He was to give us The Ketubah (Marriage Contract).
For ADONAI we were to be His Wife.
Jeremiah 31: 32 ... in the day that I took them by the hand to lead them out of the land of Egypt, My covenant which they broke, though I was a HUSBAND to them, says YHVH.
The month YHVH brought us out of Egypt was Abib (Deut. 16), the name of the month was changed to Nisan after our captivity in Babylon (Nehemiah 2:1). Abib is the first month of YHVH's Calendar according to His Instruction (Exodus 12:1- 2). This is the month of Passover - the month of our Salvation, Deliverance & Redemption that brought much Praise and gladness into our hearts.
In this journey, on 21 Abib we witnessed the most amazing event that I believe ever happened - The opening of the Red Sea. After this we finally got free from Egypt as they came after us to kill us all. Our Abba is so good :-) As our hearts were fainting in fear, Moses lift up his rod and YHVH opened the massive sea in front of our own eyes ... With mixed emotions of great distress and awe we watched this Mighty Wonder of GOD and we run thought dry land - the path He made for us through the midst of the sea so we could escape into our full freedom.
Our Journey proceeded until we reached Mount Sinai!!!
Exodus 19: 1 - In the third month after the children of Israel had gone out of the land of Egypt, on the same day, they came to the Wilderness of Sinai. 2 For they had departed from Rephidim, had come to the Wilderness of Sinai, and camped in the wilderness. So Israel camped there before the mountain.
Exodus 19: 16 Then it came to pass on the third day, in the morning, that there were thunderings and lightnings, and a thick cloud on the mountain; and the sound of the trumpet was very loud, so that all the people who were in the camp trembled. 17 And Moses brought the people out of the camp to meet with God, and they stood at the foot of the mountain. 18 Now Mount Sinai was completely in smoke, because the YHVH descended upon it in fire. Its smoke ascended like the smoke of a furnace, and the whole mountain quaked greatly. 19 And when the blast of the trumpet sounded long and became louder and louder, Moses spoke, and God answered him by voice. 20 Then YHVH came down upon Mount Sinai, on the top of the mountain. And the YHVH called Moses to the top of the mountain, and Moses went up.
Here we received The Torah of God!!! Our Ketubah!!! Our Marriage contract with The God Of Israel!!! We received The Constitution for Israel, our way of living as a holy people separated from the nations to be a special treasured people unto Him and a light to the nations.
This amazing Event is called Shavuot, The Feast of Weeks or Pentecost.
THE DAY AFTER THE LAST DAY OF THE COUNTING OF THE OMER IS SHAVUOT THE GIVING OF THE TORAH
But even with this Amazing Wonder we still had the Egyptians with their chariots horses and horsemen behind us. The GOD of Israel had stop them by the shore as the Angel Of God, who went before the camp of Israel, moved and went behind us, and the pillar of cloud went from before us and stood behind us. (Exodus 14:19)
When we were almost in the other side of the Red Sea:
Exodus 14: 26 Then YHVH said to Moses, “Stretch out your hand over the sea, that the waters may come back upon the Egyptians, on their chariots, and on their horsemen.” 27 And Moses stretched out his hand over the sea; and when the morning appeared, the sea returned to its full depth, while the Egyptians were fleeing into it. So ADONAI overthrew the Egyptians in the midst of the
sea. 28 Then the waters returned and covered the chariots, the horsemen, and all the army of Pharaoh that came into the sea after us. Not so much as one of them remained.
This Amazing Deliverance Happened On The 21 Aviv (Nisan)
The Seventh Day of Unleavened Bread!!!
THE MESSIANIC FULFILMENT
YESHUA WAS SACRIFICED ON OUR BEHALF AS THE LAMB OF GOD AT PASSOVER!!!
1 Corinthians 5: 7d - For indeed Christ, our Passover, was sacrificed for us. 8 Therefore let us keep the feast, not with old leaven, nor with the leaven of malice and wickedness, but with the unleavened bread of sincerity and truth.
YESHUA WAS DEAD IN THE TOMB IN UNLEAVENED BREAD
YESHUA OUR MESSIAH RESURRECTED IN THE DAY OF FIRST FRUITS!!!
I Corinthians 15: 20 But now MESSIAH IS RISEN from the dead, and has become THE FIRST FRUITS of those who have fallen asleep. 21 For since by
man came death, by Man also came the resurrection of the dead. 22 For as in Adam all die, even so in Messiah all shall be made alive. 23 But each one in his own order: MESSIAH THE FIRST FRUITS, afterward those who are Messiah's at His Coming.
FROM HIS RESURRECTION HE APPEARED TO HIS DISCIPLES
FOR 40 DAYS
Acts 1: 3 He also presented Himself alive after His suffering by many infallible proofs, being seen by them during forty days and speaking of the things pertaining to the kingdom of God.
Acts 1: 4 And being assembled together with them, He commanded them not to depart from Jerusalem, but to wait for the Promise of the Father, “which,” He said, “you have heard from Me; 5 for John truly baptized with water, but you shall be baptized with the Holy Spirit not many days from now.
Acts 1: 8 But you shall receive power when the Holy Spirit has come upon you; and you shall be witnesses to Me in Jerusalem, and in all Judea and Samaria, and to the end of the earth.”
Acts 1: 9 Now when He had spoken these things, while they watched, He was taken up, and a cloud received Him out of their sight.
Yeshua was with His disciples for 40 days from His Resurrection to His Ascension!!!
THESE 40 DAYS WERE PART OF THE PERIOD FOR THE 'COUNTING THE OMER'!
The children of Israel, and that including Yeshua's disciples, 'Counted The Omer'.
It was Commandment of The Father, as we have studied it.
Yeshua did it too!!!
He never broke any Commandment of His Father, otherwise He couldn't be The Perfect Lamb of God.
After His ascension the disciples were gathered together praying in unity as our Master Yeshua had commanded. Ten days needed to be counted until the Fulfilment of Shavuot (Pentecost).
Pentecost in Greek means 50.
Remember the Counting of the Omer was 7 Sabbaths (7 weeks) = 49 days
plus one day = 50 days.
Acts 2: 2 When the Day of Pentecost had fully come, they were all with one accord in one place. 2 And suddenly there came a sound from heaven, as of a rushing mighty wind, and it filled the whole house where they were sitting. 3 Then there appeared to them divided tongues, as of fire, and one sat upon each of them. 4 And they were all filled with the Holy Spirit and began to speak with other tongues, as the Spirit gave them utterance.
THE LAST DAY OF THE COUNTING OF THE OMER
IS SHAVUOT / PENTECOST WITH THE GIVING
OF THE HOLY SPIRIT / RUACH HAKODESH
In the life of Jesus/Yeshua The fulfilment of this Event of 'Counting the Omer' happened from Yeshua’s Resurrection to The Day of Shavuot/Pentecost when The Ruach HaKodesh/ Holy Spirit was outpoured over all the disciples of
Yeshua that were all together in prayer for The Feast of Shavuot.
There was at one time a dispute as to when the counting should begin.
The Pharisees believed that God gave Moses an oral Torah along with the written Torah, and according to that oral Torah the word "Shabbat" in Lev. 23:15 referred to the first day of Passover, which is a "Shabbat" in the sense that no work is permitted on the day (Rosh Hashanah and Yom Kippur are both referred to as "Shabbat" in this sense, though they cannot both occur on a Saturday in the same year; see Lev. 23:24 and 23:32; see also Lev. 23:39 the first and eighth days of Sukkot are called "Shabbat"). In this view, held by most Jews today, the counting begins on the second night of Passover, that is, the day after the non-working day of Passover. The Tzedukim (Sadducees) rejected the idea of an oral Torah and believed that the word "Shabbat" in Lev. 23:15 referred to the Shabbat of the week when Pesach began, so counting would always begin on a Saturday night during Passover. The Sadducees no longer exist; today, only a small sect call the Karaites follow this view.
I (Yiskah) agree with this last view as Yeshua resurrected on Sunday, the day after the weekly Sabbath that starts Saturday after sunset, otherwise He couldn't have been in the Tomb for 3 days and 3 nights.
May you be blessed 'Counting the Omer'
in anticipation for Shavuot / Pentecost.